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Wildflowers of the Enchanted Forest Nature Sanctuary - Titusville, Florida
E.F. Logo     Friends of the Enchanted Forest
444 Columbia Blvd., Titusville Florida 32780
Enchanted Forest Nature Sanctuary
    eTortoise

Wildflowers of the Enchanted Forest #1

Jay S. Barnhart, Jr.

Common Nightshade Common Nightshade
Solanum americanum
A small shrubby or low plant - small white flowers are reminescent of those seen on potato and tomato plants, since they are closely related. Solanaceae (nightshade) family.
WKT: 94B
Coralbean Coralbean Erythrina herbacea

One of the first showy, blooms in the early spring. Bright red spike of flowers usually precedes the leaves. Stems are thorny. The name coralbean refers to the beautifully colored seeds which become apparent when the seed pods split open. Fabaceae (pea or bean) family
WKT: 302T
Elderberry Elderberry closeup Florida Elder -- Southern Elderberry
Sambucus canadensis/simpsonii
Large woody shrubs. Prominent ubiquitous display of small white rounded heads, up to 10 inches in diameter. Blooms throughout the Spring and early summer. Found outside and along the sides of the Forest entrance road. Black fruits (elderberries) in the Fall are excellent for making jellies, pies, and wine. Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle)
WKT: 106   B/T: 425
Florida Violet Florida Violet
Viola floridana
Found throughout the state in both wooded and open areas. The heart shaped leaves serve to differentiate this from other native violets in Florida. Photographed in The hydric area in mid-May. Violaceae (Violet) family.
B/T:168
Frostweed Frostweed
Verbesina virginica
Following the blooming period in the late summer and fall, these attractive seed heads remain on the expired plants throughout the following season. The large green leaves of the current year's plants can always be found nearby. Asteraceae (aster) family
WKT: 121T
Greeneyes Greeneyes closepGreeneyes
Berlandiera subacaulis
Preponderant flowering plant in the high dry area on the North side of the Addison Canal. Found throughout most of the year. Asteraceae (aster) family.
WKT: 171B
Indian Mustard Indian Mustard closeupIndian Mustard or Leaf Mustard
Brassica juncea
Tall annual with brightly colored flowers that have a typical mustard configuration. After blooming in January, the flowers are followed by elongated fusiform seed pods (siliques), which remain as multiple rocket-like stalked extensions on the upper part of the lifeless dried plants. Striking appearance while in bloom along the first part of the Forest road. Brassicaceae (mustard) family.
DWH: 139B
Innocence Innocence
Hedyotis procumbens
Low creeping plants. The Small flowers have four white petals, with yellow colored central areas. Abundant along south edge of burn area. Rubiaceae (madder) family
WLT: 102T
Jack In The Pulpit Jack In The Pulpit closeupJack-in the Pulpit
Arisaema tryphyllum
Found in early spring in the hydric (low wet) area. Without the flowers, the set of three shiny leaves resembles poison ivy. Like many closely related plants, its tissues contain sharp crystals of calcium oxalate (raphides), which, if ingested, produce a prolonged sensation of stinging and swelling of the mouth tissues. Araceae (arum) family
WKT: 200#1
Lyre Leafed Sage Lyre-leaf Sage
Salvia lyrata
Common beautiful weedy annual. Blooms profusely along the entrance road and around the Welcome Desk, in January, and February. Its name is derived from the fact that the leaves comprising the basal rosette are that is, divided transversely into several lobes, the smallest at the base. Lamiaceae (mint) family.
WKT: 272T
Prickly Pea rCactus Prickly Pea rCactus closeupPrickly Pear Cactus
Opuntia bumifusa
Spiny, oval flattened stems are tightly joined together at narrowed connection sites. The showy, flower is followed by an edible pulpy, reddish many seeded fruit. Found scattered throughout the Forest. Cactaceae (cactus) family.
B/T: #257
Primrose Willow Primrose Willow closeupPrimrose Willow
Ludwigia peruviana
Herbaceous to woody perennials. Found in and around swampy ditches where it often forms large thickets. Outside Forest entrance. Onagranaceae (evening primrose) family
B/T:337
Rouge Plant Rouge Plant
Rivina bumilis
The name of the plant refers to the moderately indelible orange-red juice in the berries, which are preceded by inconspicuous white Flowers. Seen in disturbed areas along the trails. Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed) family
WKT: :47B
Rusty Lyonia Rusty Lyonia
Lyonia ferruginea
Very, fragrant bell shaped flowers in April and May. Note the strong characteristic downturning of the leaf margins and the rusty, appearance of the stems. Ericaceae (heath) family.
WKT: 73B
Seaside Ground Cherry Seaside Ground Cherry closeupSeaside Ground Cherry
Physalis viscosa
These beautiful little flowers are easy to muss, since they are always facing downward, close to the ground. Many nice plants seen and photographed in the burn area in March. A native plant. Solanaceae (nightshade) family
B/T: #205
Sow Thistle Sow Thistle
Sonchus Oleraceous
Upright plant with dandelion-like yellow flowers. Weakly spiny leaves. Found along the edge of the burn area, sporadically throughout the year. Asteraceae (aster or daisy) family.
WKT: 193B
Spanish Needle Spanish Needles
Bidens alba
Common ubiquitous weedy plant. It is usual not to have a complete set of ray florets, giving the flowers an asymmetrical or incomplete took. Bidens refers to the two pointed teeth on the seeds, which cause them to stick to clothing as "booby lice". Alba refers to the white floral petals. Found throughout the year along the Forest road, and in many disturbed areas. Asteraceae (aster or daisy) family.
WKT: 109#2
Spiderwort Spiderwort closeupSpiderwort
Tradescantia obiensis
Bright blue-violet colored flowers appear fresh and vigorous each morning, only to become wilted and dried by the afternoon. Found along the Forest road throughout the wet periods of the year. Commelinaceae (spiderwort or dayflower) family.
B/T: 96
REFERENCES:
WKT = The Guide to Florida Wildflowers, by Walter Kingsley Taylor, 1992.
B/T = Florida Wild Flowers and Roadside Plants, by C. Ritchie Bell, and Bryan Taylor, 1982.
DWH = Illustrated Plants and Flowers of Florida and the Coastal Plain, by David W. Hall, 1993


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6/20/01